Friday, October 13, 2006

A Tutorial for the Fast-Food Generation: How to Get Started Cooking at Home for Frugality and Health

After reading Get Rich Slowly: Is eating out cheaper than eating in? and Ask MetaFilter: Is eating in cheaper?, I realized that even though, yes, of course, eating at home is cheaper, the primary obstacle for most people is that cooking at home is about as familiar as Abu Dubai. It takes a long time to get up to speed if you weren't raised to be a cooking adult; I grew up on McDonald's, convenience-store ice-cream Snickers and bagels (through no fault of my mother's--she was an awesome cook, but I was stubborn and unteachable).

In my late twenties, after I got a kitchen and garden of my own (free with purchase of fiancé), I started exploring cooking as a way to save money and get healthier. It's been a long, strange trip, but one of the best journeys I've ever taken. Here, in no particular order, are some of the tips I've picked up along the way.
  • KNOW WHAT'S FRESH: Learn to identify foods at their freshest. Cremini mushrooms, for example, should have the cap nearly closed over the stem with as little of that brown filter stuff showing as possible; good heads of broccoli should have closed florets of a uniform greenness; fresh fish smells like the ocean and has clear, not cloudy, eyes; et al.

  • SLOW FOOD, OLD FOOD, GOOD FOOD: Learn about what foods were like in their original form. A good way to reconnect with O.G. foods is to watch Alton Brown on the Food Network. Compare Quaker instant oatmeal to steel-cut oatmeal with real maple syrup; compare Taco Bell tortillas to stone-ground corn tortillas; compare Pop-Tarts to strawberry preserves on a thick slice of whole-wheat toast.

  • HAVE A GREAT REFERENCE ON HAND: Have a cookbook on a hand that is organized by ingredient, rather than by meal or type of dish. That way you can cook based on what you have on hand, rather than going out to shop for new ingredients. I recommend How to Cook Everything by Mark Bittman.

  • USE OF FLAVORINGS SEPARATES GOOD COOKS FROM GREAT COOKS: Grow a window-sill herb garden, or plant herbs in your yard if you have one. Start with mint, basil, rosemary, thyme, tarragon, sage, parsley and cilantro. Mint is invasive, so keep it in a pot. Parsley and cilantro are a pain in the neck, but try these recommendations from Sunset magazine and see if it helps.

  • PANTRY ESSENTIALS: Keep a well-stocked pantry. If you're planning to bake, that's all-purpose flour, white and brown sugar, confectioner's sugar, baking powder, salt, shortening, vanilla, cinnamon, nutmeg, yeast, eggs and milk. If you're planning to cook, that's olive oil, vegetable oil, salt, pepper, the herbs mentioned above, a variety of vinegars, nuts and seeds, dried pastas, rice (white and wild), olives, honey, frozen chicken breasts, canned broth, canned tuna or salmon, frozen ground beef or ground turkey, potatoes, onions, garlic, shallots, beans (canned and dried), tomato paste, canned chopped tomatoes, raisins and other dried fruit, and all the usual condiments (mustard, mayo, BBQ sauce). These are all inexpensive staples, but they can be combined into an infinite number of dishes.

  • GOOD SUPPLIERS, PART ONE: Find a independent produce market or farmer's market in your area. Patronize it once a week for fresh fruit and vegetables. Avoid produce from convenience stores or low-end supermarkets or megamarts, which is more likely the product of industrial farms and is often limp, pathetic, flavorless and disappointing.

  • GOOD SUPPLIERS, PART TWO: See if you can find a good fish market in your area. I find the wild-caught fresh fish at the local Asian market to be superior to anything at the grocery store, and much less expensive as well. (It's an extra trip, but I have a thing for omega-3 fatty acids, so it's definitely worth my time.)

  • THE GOAL IS NOT JUST TO EAT, BUT TO NOURISH YOURSELF: Read a book like SuperFoods Rx and learn about the phytonutrients, vitamins, minerals and overall nutrition content of truly nourishing food.

  • THE MIRACLE OF THE MODERN: Consider buying a Black & Decker steamer and a George Foreman grill; with just those two appliances you might not even need a stove. Working George Foreman grills are increasingly available in thrift stores, so shop around.

  • ABOVE ALL, KNOW YOUR KNIVES: Obtain a full-tang, well-balanced, stainless-steel chef's knife and paring knife, and learn how to use and maintain them. Many local cooking schools have knife-skills classes for beginning cooks. Learning how to use kitchen knives properly is a profoundly transformative experience.

  • HEAVY, BUT WORTH EVERY OUNCE: This is the pan your great-grandmother used: Obtain a 10-inch cast-iron skillet and learn how to "season" it properly. This one pan can be used for almost everything, can go from stovetop to oven, and once you grok cast-iron cookware, requires almost no maintenance or cleaning. (The other pot-pan essentials are probably a large cookie sheet, a 10-inch non-stick skillet, a medium-size pot for heating canned goods and possibly a larger pot for pasta and making stew.)

  • FOR TO BE FLIPPING, STIRRING AND GRABBING: Obtain a spatula, wooden spoon and tongs as basic cooking implements. Build out your collection of other tools as needed. (Don't rush off and invest in a KitchenAid stand mixer before you've ever made muffins from scratch, etc.) This article (PDF, 1.4 MB) from Cook's Illustrated is a Consumer Reports-style guide to what you really need and what specific products are the best value.

  • GET A FRIDGE: No, not a house fridge. Get a work fridge. What's that you say--the office kitchen has a fridge? Okay, yes, but is it slimy, crammed full of plastic bags and a target for lunch thieves? If your office is anything like mine, yes. I bought a barely used, stainless-steel Magic Chef minifridge off craiglist for $50, and it's changed my lunch habits at work. I can now bring in a week's supply of grilled salmon, steamed broccoli, Diet Coke and fruit and reach for whatever I want without having to confront the distinctly unappetizing aroma of the main kitchen fridge. And there's plenty of room left over for my friends at work to store their salad dressing, ice-cream sandwiches and Hot Pockets. A good deal all around!

Good luck!


Rory said...

Great starting guide. I'd add a third category of good suppliers though: butchers. Finding a real butcher and becoming friends with him will vastly improve the meat that you eat as well as your cooking skills. Ask for a cut of beef you haven't tried before, then ask him how to cook it. Repeat this process each week, sometimes with pork, sometimes with lamb. Before you know it you will be familiar with nearly every cut of meat available, including many that you won't find shrinkwrapped in your grocery store (e.g. Flatiron steaks).

jengod said...

I'm kind of a vegan (kind of), so I don't have occasion to patronize a butcher, but the same principle works for all of these vendor: Buy from a food professional who cares about the product they are selling, not just the sale.

Adam said...

Two pieces of advice for new cooks:

1) Cook with friends who know how to cook! They'll be happy to help.

2) Salt slightly more than you think you need to.

3) Learn how to use stocks, and trust that they're worth the price of high quality ones. DO NOT USE BULLION CUBES. Get reduced stocks (readily available via mail order if you can't find them locally), or buy fresh from your butcher or gourmet shop. While making homemade stocks is probably overkill for very beginning cooks (although it's a good skill to have), using them is something you can do immediately. Judicious use of stocks is one of the things that separates good homemade food from great food.

Abbey said...

My husband and I were just talking about this. We've been really busy lately, so fast food has been our food of choice...even though we are normally big cookers!

So after two weeks of quick pick- ups, we've gone back to cooking fresh/from scratch. I forget how much better it tastes after just a short hiatus.

What we found strange, though, when talking about it was that we are pretty much the only one of our friends (we're in our late 20s/early 30s)that actually cooks every other night and has leftovers for the rest of the week. And they think its strange because we cook...and that we're actually GOOD cooks. Though they don't complain when we have them over for dinner! : )

Anonymous said...

It's either Abu Dhabi, or Dubai. So I guess you weren't kidding when you said it was unfamiliar...

Mademoiselle M said...

Fridge idea was great!

Anonymous said...

It is not necessary to try all successively